Tekla structures 2017 pdf documentation free download
Delete the existing connection. Before you start, create one or more views in the model. Move the plate 1. Click Copy and then OK.
Tekla structures 2017 pdf documentation free download. 11 ways for beginners to learn Tekla Structures
This free program was originally created by Tekla Corporation. We recommend checking the downloaded files with any free.
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Tekla Structures v Civilax-June 1, 0. The innovative and revolutionary new ETABS is the ultimate integrated software package for the structural analysis and design of buildings. Or it may serve to point out a potential problem to be avoided. Stop signs are severe warnings. Ignoring the text accompanying these may cause something to fail or cause a process to produce unexpected results. Tips are shown with a light bulb icon. They provide additional information that may help speed up your learning or help you produce better or quicker results.
Technical information is denoted by gear wheels. You can choose to ignore this info until you are more confident with the system, or you can pay attention to it if you are curious.
The aim of this training material is to teach you the best practices, and the most efficient way to use Tekla Structures. In this lesson In this lesson we will go through the basic functions of Tekla Structures: how to create a new structural 3D model, grids, grid views and structural members in the model. When you have completed this lesson the model will look as shown below. Alternatively, you could double-click on the desktop icon Tekla Structures The login dialog box will open.
This login allows you to select the environment you want to work in — typically US Imperial or US Metric, depending on your installation. You will also be able to select your role. The roles options in Tekla Structures are to tailor the program to fit your needs and to help you find the settings you need easier and faster. Make sure these are selected, and click OK. At first, most of the menu options and icons are gray indicating that they are inactive.
When you open an existing model or create a new model, the icons and available menu options will become active. You can open or create models from the Learn Tekla Structures dialog box, or you can use the File menu or toolbar buttons. In this lesson, use the name BasicModel1 followed by your name. The full path of the model folder is shown in the top field. Name the model BasicModel-yourname. Adding your own name to the model name helps to identify your model on a network, especially during the training class.
Model templates consist of predefined settings. To get all of the steel detailing components included with Tekla Structures, you must select the SteelDetailingTemplate model template. When using a model template, all projects are started in Single-user mode. The model can later be opened in Multi-user mode if desired. The Multi-User facility in Tekla allows multiple users in one model. This is particularly useful when a number of detailers are working on one contract.
Click the OK button to create the new model. The menus and icons become activated, and the model name appears in the title bar of the Tekla Structures window.
Every model must have a unique name. Tekla Structures does not allow duplicate model names within the same location. You can only have one model open at a time. If you already have a model open, Tekla Structures prompts you to save that model. The 3D view is shown in the Views dialog box.
Named views are shown on the left, and currently visible views are on the right. To make the 3D view visible, highlight it and use the arrow button to move it to the Visible views side, or double-click on it.
Lines show the projections of the grids that are visible on the view plane. Tekla Structures indicates the work area of a view using a white, dashed line cube. Remember to save your model often, and always save when opening a new model or exiting Tekla Structures model.
Tekla Structures also includes an auto save feature that backs up and saves your work automatically at set intervals. After you make any desired changes, remember to click the Save button. In this training manual, we will mainly use the pop-up menu to activate commands.
There are several ways to execute commands in Tekla Structures: Icons Commands in main pull-down menu Commands in pop-up menu By default all commands are found in the pull-down menus and most of them in the icons. A pop-up menu appears when you click the right mouse button right-click. If you have an object selected, the commands on the pop-up menu relate to that object.
All entities in Tekla Structures such as grids, views, beams, connections, even points and welds have properties. You can see and modify the properties of an object by double-clicking on the object in the model. Double-click on the grid, and the grid properties dialog box will open.
Note the buttons along the bottom of the box. These are typical for most property dialog boxes in Tekla Structures. In this case you will have the option to Create a new grid, Modify an existing grid, or Get the properties of an existing grid by highlighting the grid and clicking the Get button.
You can also Close the dialog box. Note the buttons along the top of the dialog box. You have the option to Save the settings as they stand, select different saved settings from the pull down menu and Load them, or save changed settings with a new Save As name typed in to the field to the right of the Save as button. To modify the existing grid: Modify the existing grid 1. Double-click on a gridline. This opens the Grid properties dialog box. Complete the Grid dialog box by filling in the X, Y and Z coordinates, and the labels for the gridlines as shown.
The program will convert whatever you type into a format that it can use. You don’t have to type the inch symbol when you mean inches.
It will always assume this by default. Do not use spaces except to separate dimensions or values. Tekla views a space as an indicator of a new value. Click Modify to apply the new grid values. You can make grids and grid lines act magnetically so that the objects on the grid lines follow if you move the grid line.
To bind objects to grid lines, select the magnetic grid plane checkbox. The numeric units used in the Grid dialog box as well as in other modeling dialog boxes can be controlled from the Units and decimals Fit work area To fit the work area according to the modified grid: 1. Click in the view to activate it. The border will turn red when the view is active. The view should now look as shown:. A view is a representation of a model from a specific location.
Each view is displayed in its own window inside the main Tekla Structures window. Each view has a view plane on which the grids are visible. Open the view properties dialog box by double-clicking anywhere in the 3d view. These are the properties of the 3d view. From the pull down menu at the top of the view properties dialog box, select Plan View and click Load. Click Apply so these settings, or attributes, will be used for the next view created. The name, angle and up and down depth of the view would still be set as 3d, and the new view created would be considered a copy view.
Click on the Create basic view of model icon. The following dialog box will open. Once a different elevation has been input, that elevation becomes the default. This is typical of most property dialog boxes in Tekla Structures. Click Create.
You can double-click in the view and modify the name of the view, the type of cut, Plan or 3d and the distance the view will display up and down, but you can never modify or change where the view was cut.
Create elevation view 1. Open the view properties dialog box if it isn’t already open. Select Elevation View from the pull down menu at the top of the dialog box and click Load. Click on the Create view using two points icon. In the plan view you created at elevation 0, click on the intersection of grid lines A and 1. As you move the cursor, you will see arrows pointing the direction the cut will face. Click on the intersection of grid lines A and 7. You have now created on elevation view for grid line A.
Click OK to close the Views dialog box. Now that you know how to create views manually, we will learn how to create views automatically based on a grid system. Tekla Structures offers a tool to quickly create views for each elevation and grid line as specified in the grid properties and name these views with the markers you specified.
Note that these views will always be cut looking north and west. Before we proceed to create views using this tool, we need to delete all existing views, except the 3d. Create grid views 1. Select a gridline to highlight the grid. This opens the Creation of views along grid lines dialog box shown here. Click Create in the Creation of views along grid lines dialog box and the views will automatically be created. Note the view properties. These are the same settings you selected from the pull down menu at the top of the dialog box when you created each view.
To view these settings, you can click on the Show button, and the view properties dialog box will open. Click OK to close the Creation of views along grid lines dialog box.
Note that if the grid properties were incorrect in some way, for example a missing label, the views you create using this method could be named wrong or cut at the wrong elevations. The Views dialog box appears presenting all the created views. All invisible closed named views are listed on the left and all visible views on the right see image. To display or hide views: Clicking the Open named view list icon will open the Views dialog box which is already open. Select the view s you want to display or hide.
Use the arrows to move view s from left to right visible or vice versa invisible. Do not keep too many views open at the same time. Nine is the maximum number of open views. You can open or close named views by clicking the Open named view list icon. Delete unnecessary views from the view list. The center of rotation is displayed with the symbol below. To rotate the model, hold down the “Ctrl” key, then click and hold down the middle mouse button while moving the mouse to rotate the model.
To reset the center of rotation, press the “V” key on your keyboard. In the view click where you want the center of rotation to be. You can switch a view from Plane 2D to 3D by using the keyboard.
Additional toolbars when opened are saved in the open state and will be visible in all future models. Close all open views except the 3d view and Plan EL. From the Window pull-down menu select Tile vertically to make the views fill the work area. You can also double-click on the view border to make it fill the work area. Double-click on the Create pad footing icon. This opens the Pad footing properties dialog box.
The dialog box for Pad footing properties should appear as shown. Change any attributes that may appear differently. On the Position tab, change the Top and Bottom levels as shown. Click Apply. In the 3d view, pick the grid intersection B-1 to create the footing. Top and bottom levels are the literal levels for the top and bottom of the footings.
Because of this, you do not necessarily have to place them at a specific elevation, just the proper grid location. While still in the Create pad footing command, 1. Click OK. If you don’t click the OK button, the dialog box will remain open.
You can also close a dialog box by clicking the Cancel button or X in the top right corner of that dialog box. Clicking Apply will apply the settings but keep the dialog box open. Only use Apply if you want to keep the box open. You don’t have to click Apply and OK every time. Create the footings at intersections along gridline A by picking each position. Right-click and select Interrupt to end the command. Commands will stay active until you interrupt them. To end commands, right-click and select Interrupt from the pop-up menu, or press the “Esc” key.
To restart the last command used, press “Enter”. Foundations for silos — parametric profiles We will create two identical circular foundations for the silos.
Tekla Structures contains standard library , parametric, and user-defined profiles. For the foundation, we will use parametric profiles. In the Profile click the Select button.
This takes you to the section profile catalog. Then find the Round Shapes profile category and then the ‘D’ parametric shape. Complete the Select Profile properties dialog box as shown below. Go to the Position tab and change the top and bottom levels of the footing as shown.
You can select the profile for a part from the Select profile dialog box that opens next to the Profile field in the part properties dialog box. You can also enter a profile name in the Profile field in the part properties dialog box. You should still be in the Create pad footing command. You will see the prompt “Pick Position” in the status bar located in the lower left corner of the main Tekla Structures window.
If you do not see the prompt “Pick Position” in the status bar, click once on the Create pad footing icon. This starts the command with the last applied settings. Press the “A” key on the keyboard. This is known as a Relative Snap. The coordinates you enter will be relative to the last point you clicked. The “A” key is known as an Absolute Snap.
To open toolbars you can click on the Window pull down menu and select Toolbars. Below are the select icons. These icons allow you to select all parts or specific parts of the model by dragging a box around the entire model. From left to right the select icons are as follows: all, connections, objects, surfaces, points, grid, grid lines, welds, cuts, views, bolt groups, single bolts, reinforcing bar, loads, planes, and distances.
The next 4 icons allow you to select connections and assemblies as a whole or as individual entities. Pull-down options are offered by Tekla Structures to allow you to select types of members such as beams or columns. The last icon allows you to further narrow your selection by specifying more detailed information about an object.
These snap icons are hierarchal from left to right. The two end icons designate if you want to snap only to work points used mostly for modeling or all points on corners and edges of objects.
Click the footing once to select it. When you have a part highlighted in the model, a mini toolbar will appear next to the mouse pointer and will fade when you move the mouse further away or change the selection. You can use the toolbar to quickly view or change properties of the object s selected. Complete the dialog box as shown and click Copy then OK. We will first create two of the columns and then use the Copy command to create the other columns. To create the first two columns: 1.
Double-click on the Create column icon. Complete the Column properties dialog box as shown. Pick the intersection of gridlines A-1 p1 to create one column, and then pick grid B-1 p2 to create the second column. Look in 3d view from time to time to check for correct placement. Copy columns 1. Select the columns that you just created by dragging a window across them in a right to left direction.
The crossing command functions similar to other computer drawing applications. You can select multiple parts in the model by holding down the “Ctrl” key when selecting objects in the model individually.
At this time if you desired the base plates and anchor bolts could be added to the model so that Anchor Bolt Plans could be created. See chapter 2. Complete the Column properties dialog box as shown for both the Attributes and Position tabs. We are changing the prefix for both part and assembly so that the Silos will not take the same number type of the rest of our columns i. C1, C2. To select aluminum as the grade required, click the Select….
Hovering your cross hairs over the top edge of the circular base will automatically highlight the snap point at the center because the Points and Grid Intersections snap is activated. The visibility of objects in views depends on the work area, view depth, view setup, and view filter. You can also temporarily hide parts in a view by using the Hide tool on the pop-up menu.
In the pictures hereafter, all the model objects created may not always be visible. Complete the Beam properties dialog box as shown. Pick the intersection of gridlines A-4 and then B-4 as shown below, and notice how the beam automatically appears at the correct level in the 3D view simultaneously.
Note that it is very important to input beams from left to right and bottom to top. Tekla Structures will consider the first end input in the model as the left end. The same dimension will appear again if you click and highlight a part in the model. Continue adding beams along gridlines 5, 6 and 7. Input beam between columns on grid lines A and B. Filter beams 1. Choose the select filter option Steel Beam filter from the drop down list.
A select filter provides you control over selecting different types of objects using both standard and user-defined filters. By dragging the mouse right to left , select an area in the model as shown below.
Notice this only highlights the beams. This is where you want to ‘pick up’ the items you are copying. A message may appear stating objects are outside the work area. If so, click Do Not Expand as shown below. In some instances, we would want to use Expand, but in this situation it would alter our elevation view. Change the select filter option back to standard as shown below and click in a view, so you will be able to select objects other than beams.
Hide silos 4. Select both Silos select one then hold the “Ctrl” key down while selecting the other and right-click to open up the pop-up menu. While holding the “Shift” key down, select the Hide option as shown below. You can also hide objects without holding down the “Shift” key. When you select the Hide option without the “Shift” key down, the object will not become completely hidden.
They will change to Reference Lines. Here we will put in grid line beams at the roof level, but using a different snapping tool that automatically snap the length of the grid line between bays. Select the Snap to Line button on your snaps toolbar. If you hover over a grid line, you can see an illuminated line appear with an arrow indicating direction.
Make sure the arrows are pointing in the proper direction, i. Create the rest of the beams Next we will create beams in locations where no gridlines intersect. The snapping tools help you pick points to create objects precisely where you need them without having to know the coordinates or layout additional lines or points.
If you double-click on an existing beam in the model and click Apply in the Beam Properties dialog box, those settings become active.
Then only a single- click on the Create Beam icon is required to add beams with those settings to your model. Pick a midpoint of the beam between A-2 and A-3 p1 and then the midpoint of the beam between B-2 and B-3 p2 as shown below. We will then pick the second position of beam B using the temporary snap switch Perpendicular.
Make sure the Snap to points and grid intersections icon is also pressed down. Hold down the “Ctrl” key first and then click gridline intersection A-1 p1. This will be a temporary reference point. A green cross will be placed there. Then move the cursor do not pick!! If you just start typing after picking a reference point the Enter a numeric location dialog box will open automatically.
Right-click and select Perpendicular, or let the snap grab perpendicular to select a point for the other end of the beam. Create beam C 8. Click once on the beam icon to get back in the beam command. Pick the intersection of beam B and gridline 2 p1 and then the intersection of gridlines B-2 p2 as shown here. Make sure the Snap to intersection points snap is set. Hold down the “Ctrl” key and pick gridline intersection A-1 p1 to set a temporary reference point. See below. The Enter a numeric location dialog box will open automatically.
Click OK or “Enter”, the cursor will snap to the correct position 13′-0 away from p1 as shown on the following page. Move the cursor to the intersection of A1 again. The beam will now appear. In the 3D view pick the center point of the silo as the point to define the rotation. Complete the other fields in the dialog. Click Copy and then OK. Select the beams shown highlighted in the picture below press the “Ctrl” key to add parts to the selection.
Now click in the 3D view to select the view. A red box will appear around the edge of the view. Right-click in the view now and select ‘Redraw View’. The model should now look as shown. Double-click on the Create beam icon. Create the second brace 1. Create the next brace by picking the top position of column A-2 and then midpoint of column A-3 as shown below. We will now adjust this bracing member so that the lower end of the brace is offset 6 inches from the bottom of the column.
To do this, we will use handles to move the part end. Select the first brace to display the handles. Holding down the Alt key while dragging a box across the handle allows for easier selection of that handle or allows selection of multiple handles at that location. This opens the Move – Linear dialog box shown here. Complete the dZ field and click Move, then OK. Remember that this handle may be yellow or magenta in color depending upon whether it is the Start Point yellow or the End Point magenta of the item.
Select both braces as shown here by clicking each one individually while holding down the CTRL key. This opens the Copy – mirror dialog box. In the view, pick two points on grid 3 to define the mirror line. The X0, Y0 and Angle fields automatically change based on these 2 points. The points that you click to define the mirror represent the baseline of the mirror or the ‘line of symmetry’ in plan. Try to imagine what the image would look like when reflected in a mirror that is placed on the line drawn between the two points you clicked in the model.
Load the Beam properties. Click the Select… button to launch the section catalog. The increments that the automatic snap uses are dependent on your zoom level. The further out, the larger the increment. The further in, the smaller the increment. Use the perpendicular snap to connect the beam to the beam on grid line 6. We will now add some horizontal bracing sections too. First, we will use the Add Points on Line Divided Line Points tool to establish the midpoint between two points we select.
Double-click the icon shown in the left margin. Points Tools allow us to quickly and easily establish points in the model without having to measure and calculate distances. Check that the No. This will place one point half way between the two points you click in the model. If this was set to 2 then it would add two points equally spaced between the points you click effectively dividing the length into 3 equal spaces. Click OK 4. Click the points as shown using the Endpoint snap.
Notice that a tiny cross appears halfway between both points. Now add two W16X50 beams as shown below. Tip: Add the beams from left to right and use the perpendicular snap to ensure they are horizontal in the model. Finally add the horizontal bracing. Use the Create Beam tool again and select and load the properties for a Horizontal Brace. Click OK and add the bracing going from left to right as shown below.
Move Bracing Now move these braces down to within the depth of the floor beams. Highlight both braces by holding down the CTRL key while clicking the members. Release the CTRL key and right-click the mouse. Select Move Special – Linear and enter -9″ the negative value moves the bracing beams down. Move beam using offset 1. Double-click on the highlighted beam to open the properties dialog.
Go to the Position tab. Adjust the dialog box as shown and click Modify. Notice that the beam has now moved down 3″ while the start and end points have remained in their original position.
It really makes very little difference whether you locate beams using offsets or by simply moving them into position. Sometimes there may be speed advantages to be gained by modeling one way rather than another. Now we have modeled all the steel members in BasicModel1.
The model should appear as in the picture below. At this point we have added all the members into the model. We will deal with Reports and Numbering in much more depth later in this manual. In this lesson This lesson introduces the basics of creating system connections in Tekla Structures. You will learn how to: Create connections Work with connection properties Save the properties for later use.
The greatest benefits of using system components are: The connection properties can be saved with a particular name so that they can be used later.
These properties can then be used for all projects. If you highlight an object and select options such as edit, copy, or mirror, all connections into the object are automatically included. The connections that are copied or mirrored are exactly the same as the originals. The same applies to plates and bolts. With AutoDefaults you can create rules defining when to use different connection properties. When applying a connection that you are unfamiliar with, accept the default properties and create the connection.
Then look to see what needs to be modified. This is usually quicker than trying to set the values for the connection before seeing what the connection actually creates. To complete the model we will need to connect the parts. Before creating the connections, all of the members in the model usually collide with other members.
By using the Clash check command, we can check which parts in the model collide. We will run a clash check now and again after the connections have been applied. Select several parts in the model by dragging an area select around a portion of the model, for example the column on gridlines B and 7 and the beams framing into it.
Right-click and select Clash check. Tekla Structures displays the clashing objects in the Clash Check Manager dialog box. You can see that all of the selected parts in the model collide. Select any clashing parts from the list, and Tekla Structures highlights them in the model. Right-click on an item in the list, select Zoom to objects and the model view will zoom to the selected parts.
First, we will create a base plate using the default values. We will then modify the properties of the base plate and finally create the rest of the base plates with the new properties. See also About items on page 74 4. Pick a point. Creating parts 75 Creating steel parts Tekla Structures creates the column at the level defined in the Column Properties dialog box.
If you want to change the part properties: a. Double-click the column to open the Column Properties dialog box. TIP Sometimes when you copy and mirror a column, its upper and lower levels may become incorrectly switched. Use the Orthogonal Beam Properties dialog box to correct the position of a column. See also Steel column properties on page Positioning columns, pad footings, and orthogonal beams on page Creating a steel beam To create a steel beam: 1. Pick two points.
Creating parts 76 Creating steel parts Tekla Structures creates the beam between the points you picked. Double-click the beam to open the Beam Properties dialog box. See also Steel beam properties on page Creating a steel polybeam A polybeam can contain straight and curved segments.
You can also create bent plates with this command. To create a steel polybeam: 1. Pick the points you want the beam to go through. Press the middle mouse button. Tekla Structures creates the polybeam between the points you picked. Double-click the polybeam to open the Beam Properties dialog box. If you want to create curved segments, chamfer the corners of the polybeam.
Creating parts 77 Creating steel parts For example: See also Status of polybeam chamfers on page Steel beam properties on page Creating a curved beam To create a curved steel beam: 1. Pick the start point 1. Pick a point on the arc 2. Pick the end point 3. Tekla Structures creates the beam between the points you picked. Double-click the curved beam to open the Beam Properties dialog box. See also Steel beam properties on page Creating curved parts on page Creating parts 78 Creating steel parts Creating a contour plate When you create a contour plate, the profile you use defines the thickness of the plate and the picked points define the shape.
The corners of the contour plate can be chamfered. To create a contour plate: 1. Pick the corner points of the contour plate. Tekla Structures creates the plate. Double-click the plate to open the Contour Plate Properties dialog box. See also Creating a round contour plate on page 79 Contour plate properties on page Creating a round contour plate To create a round contour plate: 1. Create a square contour plate with four equal sides.
Select the plate. Select the handles of the plate. TIP To select all the handles at once, hold down the Alt key and drag the mouse from left to right, covering all the handles. Select the round chamfer symbol Creating parts 79 from the list.
Creating steel parts 6. Enter the chamfer radius in the x box. The radius must be equal to half of the side of the square. See also Alternative way of creating a round plate or slab on page Creating a contour plate on page 79 Contour plate properties on page Chamfering parts on page Creating an orthogonal beam To create a steel beam that is orthogonal to the work plane: 1. Tekla Structures creates the beam at the position you picked. Double-click the orthogonal beam to open the properties dialog box.
Creating parts 80 Creating steel parts c. See also Orthogonal beam properties on page Creating a twin profile A twin profile consists of two identical beams. You define the positions of both beams by selecting the twin profile type and setting the clearance between the beams in two directions.
To create a twin steel profile: 1. Tekla Structures creates the twin profile between the points you picked. Double-click either of the beams to open the Beam Properties dialog box. See also Twin profile properties on page Creating an item To create an item: 1. Creating parts 81 Creating steel parts Tekla Structures creates the item between the points you picked starting from the first point yellow handle towards the direction of the second point magenta handle.
If you want to change the item properties: a. Double-click the item to open the Item Properties dialog box. See also Item properties on page About items on page 74 4. Creating parts 82 Creating concrete parts 2. Tekla Structures creates the footing at the position you picked. Double-click the pad footing to open the Pad Footing properties dialog box.
See also Pad footing properties on page Creating a strip footing To create a strip footing: 1. Pick the points you want the footing to go through.
Tekla Structures creates the footing between the points you picked. Double-click the strip footing to open the Strip Footing properties dialog box. If you want to create curved segments, chamfer the corners of the footing. Creating parts 83 Creating concrete parts For example: See also Strip footing properties on page Chamfering part corners on page Creating a concrete column To create a concrete column: 1. Tekla Structures creates the column at the level defined in the Concrete Column Properties dialog box.
Double-click the column to open the Concrete Column Properties dialog box. Creating parts 84 Creating concrete parts See also Concrete column properties on page Creating a concrete beam To create a concrete beam: 1. Double-click the beam to open the Concrete Beam Properties dialog box. See also Concrete beam properties on page Creating a concrete polybeam A polybeam can contain straight and curved segments. You can also create concrete bent plates with this command.
To create a concrete polybeam: 1. Creating parts 85 Creating concrete parts Tekla Structures creates the beam between the points you picked. Double-click the polybeam to open the Concrete Beam Properties dialog box. For example: See also Status of polybeam chamfers on page Concrete beam properties on page Creating a concrete slab When you create a concrete slab, the profile you use defines the thickness of the slab and the picked points define the shape. The corners of the slab can be chamfered.
To create a concrete slab: 1. Pick the corner points of the slab. Creating parts 86 Creating concrete parts Tekla Structures creates the slab. Double-click the slab to open the Concrete Slab Properties dialog box. See also Creating a round slab on page 87 Concrete slab properties on page Creating a round slab To create a round slab: 1. Create a square slab with four equal sides.
Select the slab. Select the handles of the slab. Select the round chamfer symbol from the list. Creating parts 87 Creating concrete parts See also Alternative way of creating a round plate or slab on page Creating a concrete slab on page 86 Concrete slab properties on page Chamfering parts on page Creating a concrete panel To create a concrete panel: 1.
Pick the points you want the panel to go through. Tekla Structures creates the panel. Double-click the panel to open the Concrete Panel Properties dialog box. If you want to create curved segments, chamfer the corners of the panel.
Creating parts 88 Creating concrete parts For example: See also Concrete panel properties on page Chamfering parts on page Creating a concrete item To create a concrete item: 1. Tekla Structures creates the item between the points you picked starting from the first point yellow handle towards the direction of the second point magenta handle. Double-click the item to open the Concrete Item Properties dialog box. See also Concrete item properties on page About items on page 74 Creating parts 89 Creating assemblies 4.
Tekla Structures creates assemblies of steel parts when you use a workshop weld or bolt to join parts together. Assemblies and their main parts are automatically defined when you create single workshop welds or bolts, or when you apply automatic connections that create workshop welds or bolts. Ensure that the Select assemblies selection switch is active. See also Creating assemblies on page 89 Creating a sub-assembly on page 90 Using bolts to create assemblies on page 91 Using welds to create assemblies on page 92 Creating a sub-assembly To create a sub-assembly of parts that are already in an assembly: 1.
Ensure that the Select objects in assemblies selection switch is active. Select the parts you want to include in the sub-assembly. Right-click and select Make into Sub-Assembly from the pop-up menu. Creating parts 90 Creating assemblies See also Creating an assembly on page 90 Using bolts to create assemblies You can use bolts to create and connect assemblies. You can create nested assemblies by connecting sub-assemblies to an existing assembly, or you can just connect more parts to assemblies using bolts.
The order in which you select parts when creating the connection determines the main and secondary parts of the assembly or the assembly hierarchy. The first part you pick determines the assembly to which you are bolting. As secondary part Workshop Basic assembly with the part you are bolting as a secondary part. The first part you pick usually becomes the main part in the assembly.
As secondary part Site No assembly created. See also Creating assemblies on page 89 Bolting sub-assemblies to an existing assembly on page 91 Bolting sub-assemblies to an existing assembly To bolt sub-assemblies to an existing assembly: 1.
Click Apply or OK. Select a part in the assembly to bolt to. Select a part in the sub-assembly to be bolted. Pick the bolt group origin.
Pick a point to indicate the bolt group x direction. Creating parts 91 Creating assemblies See also Using bolts to create assemblies on page 91 Using welds to create assemblies Tekla Structures forms assemblies based on where the weld should be made. You can create workshop welds and site welds. The first part you select becomes the main part of the assembly. Tekla Structures dimensions secondary parts relative to the main part in assembly drawings. The largest main part in the weld becomes the main part of the assembly.
When you connect assemblies, the first part you select determines the assembly to which you weld sub-assemblies. The first part you pick determines the assembly to which you are welding. As secondary part Workshop Basic assembly with the part you are welding as a secondary part.
See also Creating assemblies on page 89 Welding sub-assemblies to an existing assembly on page 92 Welding sub-assemblies to an existing assembly To weld sub-assemblies to an existing assembly: 1. Select a part in the assembly to weld to. Select a part in the sub-assembly to be welded. Creating parts 92 Creating assemblies 6. To check that the weld marks look correct, create a drawing.
NOTE Sub-assemblies in a nested assembly retain their own assembly information and main part. You can also define properties separately for the sub-assemblies and the nested assembly by using the part properties dialog box.
See also Creating assemblies on page 89 Assembly hierarchy on page 93 Adding parts to an assembly on page 94 Creating a nested assembly on page 95 Joining assemblies on page 95 Assembly hierarchy You can work on any level of a nested assembly, from single parts and bolts, through the basic and sub-assemblies, up to the highest level of the nested assembly.
To work with nested assemblies, you need to know how to use the Shift key and mouse scrolling to select objects on different levels in the assembly hierarchy. Creating parts 93 Creating assemblies The assembly hierarchy in nested assemblies affects drawings and reports. You can create separate drawings and reports of the sub-assemblies and the nested assembly, and still produce dimensions, marks, fabrication information, etc.
See also Adding objects to assemblies on page 93 Adding parts to an assembly To add secondary parts to a basic assembly or to any level of a nested assembly: 1. Select the part you want to add.
Creating parts 94 Creating assemblies 3. Select the assembly to add to. See also Adding objects to assemblies on page 93 Creating a nested assembly To create a nested assembly: 1. Select the assemblies you want to add to another assembly.
They will become subassemblies in the nested assembly. See also Adding objects to assemblies on page 93 Joining assemblies To join existing assemblies without adding any loose parts: 1.
Select the assemblies you want to join. The assembly with the largest volume becomes the main assembly. See also Changing the main assembly on page 96 Adding objects to assemblies on page 93 Changing the assembly main part The main part in a steel assembly has other parts welded or bolted to it. By default, the main part is not welded or bolted to any other parts. You can change the main part in an assembly.
To change the main part in an assembly: 1. Check what is currently the main part of the assembly. Creating parts 95 Creating assemblies b.
Select the assembly. Tekla Structures highlights the main part in orange and the secondary parts in yellow. Select the new main part. Tekla Structures changes the main part.
See also Adding objects to assemblies on page 93 Highlighting objects in an assembly on page 96 Changing the main assembly When you join two or more assemblies together, the assembly with the largest volume becomes the main assembly.
You can change the main assembly at any time. To change the main assembly in a nested assembly: 1. Select the new main assembly. See also Adding objects to assemblies on page 93 Removing objects from an assembly To remove objects from an assembly: 1.
Select the part or sub-assembly you want to remove. See also Creating assemblies on page 89 Creating parts 96 Creating assemblies Highlighting objects in an assembly Use the Inquire tool to check which objects belong to a particular assembly.
To highlight objects in an assembly: 1. Select a part that belongs to an assembly. Tekla Structures highlights the other parts that belong to the same assembly. The following colors are used: Object type Highlight color Concrete – main part magenta Concrete – secondary part cyan Reinforcement blue Steel part – main part orange Steel part – secondary part yellow See also Creating assemblies on page 89 Exploding an assembly When you explode a nested assembly, Tekla Structures breaks the assembly hierarchy level by level, always starting from the highest level.
You need to use the Explode command several times to break a nested assembly back to single parts. You can also explode sub-assemblies to single parts without breaking the entire assembly hierarchy. To explode an assembly: 1. Select the assembly or sub-assembly you want to explode. See also Creating assemblies on page 89 Creating parts 97 Creating assemblies Assembly examples Column corbel A column corbel is fabricated in one workshop, and then attached to the column in another workshop.
Model the corbel as a sub-assembly of the column. Then create an assembly drawing for each workshop: one assembly drawing showing how the corbel is welded together, another assembly drawing showing how the corbel and the other part are welded to the column. Drawing 2, Workshop 2 Drawing 1, Workshop 1 Complex truss Model the halves of a complex truss as assemblies. Create assembly drawings for the workshop to fabricate the truss halves.
Then create another assembly drawing showing how the halves should be joined on site. Creating parts 98 Creating assemblies Built-up profile In a frame of built-up columns and beams, each built-up profile can be a sub-assembly. You can create an assembly drawing showing the entire frame, and separate drawings showing how the columns and beams are constructed.
See also Creating assemblies on page 89 4. By default, each concrete part is considered a separate cast unit. For construction purposes, you may need to merge several concrete parts into one cast unit.
For example, a single cast unit could consist of a column with corbels. Tekla Structures checks the cast unit type of the main part each time you create or modify a cast unit. Precast and cast-in-place parts cannot be mixed within a cast unit.
To define the cast unit type of a concrete part: 1. Double-click a concrete part to open the part properties dialog box. Go to the Cast unit tab. NOTE It is important to use the correct cast unit type, because some functionalities, for example numbering, are based on the cast unit type. See also Creating cast units on page 99 Creating a cast unit You need to specify which parts form the cast unit.
Cast units can include reinforcement, as well as concrete parts. To create a cast unit: 1. Select the objects you want to include in the cast unit. Click the middle mouse button to create the cast unit. See also Creating cast units on page 99 Adding objects to a cast unit You can use different methods to add objects to cast units. The available methods depend on the objects’ material and on the hierarchy you want to create in the cast unit.
To add an object to a cast unit, do one of the following: To Do this Add an object as a secondary part 1. Select the object you want to add. Available for Concrete, timber, miscellaneous materials 3. Select an object in the cast unit.
Add an object as a sub-assembly 1. If you are adding a custom part, ensure that the Select components selection switch is active. Creating parts Creating cast units Steel, concrete, timber, miscellaneous materials To Do this 2. Available for 3. Select the cast unit to which you want to add the object.
See also Creating cast units on page 99 Changing the cast unit main part The main part in a concrete cast unit is the one with the largest volume of concrete. You can change the main part in a cast unit. To change the main part in a cast unit: 1. Check what is currently the main part of the cast unit. Select the cast unit. Tekla Structures highlights the main and secondary parts in different colors. See also Adding objects to a cast unit on page Highlighting objects in a cast unit on page Removing objects from a cast unit To remove objects from a cast unit: 1.
Select the objects you want to remove. See also Creating cast units on page 99 Creating parts Creating cast units Highlighting objects in a cast unit Use the Inquire tool to check which objects belong to a particular cast unit. To highlight objects in a cast unit: 1. Select a part that belongs to a cast unit. Tekla Structures highlights the other parts that belong to the same cast unit.
The following colors are used: Object type Highlight color Concrete – main part magenta Concrete – secondary part cyan Reinforcement blue Steel part – main part orange Steel part – secondary part yellow See also Creating cast units on page 99 Exploding a cast unit To explode a cast unit: 1. Select an object in the cast unit you want to explode.
See also Creating cast units on page 99 Casting direction To indicate the casting direction of a concrete part, you can define which part face you want to have on top of the casting form. The top-in-form face is displayed in the front view of a drawing. The casting direction affects the numbering of concrete parts.
If you define the casting direction for parts that differ only by their modeling direction, they get different position numbers. This is because the modeling direction affects the top-in-form face of the parts. By Creating parts Creating cast units default, the casting direction of the parts is undefined, which means the modeling direction does not affect numbering. Example In the following example, each cast unit gets a different position number, because the topin-form setting and the orientation of the panels is different.
The red arrow indicates the modeling direction. In the following example, the cast units get the same position number, because their top-inform setting has not been defined. Creating parts Creating cast units See also Creating cast units on page 99 Defining the casting direction of a part on page Numbering the model on page Defining the casting direction of a part To define the casting direction of a concrete part: 1.
Select a concrete part. Select the part face that will face upwards in the form. See also Casting direction on page Showing the top-in-form face To display the top-in-form face of a concrete part: 1. Click the concrete part whose top-in-form face you want to show. Tekla Structures highlights the top-in-form face in red: TIP To hide the top-in-form face again, right-click the view and select Update Window from the pop-up menu. Creating parts Creating cast units See also Casting direction on page Creating parts Creating cast units 5 Modifying parts This section explains how to modify different part properties, such as shape, position and length of a part.
It also explains how to split and combine parts, and how to use the deforming options to warp and camber parts. Double-click a part to open the part properties dialog box. To indicate which properties should be changed, select or clear the desired check boxes. Modifying parts Modifying the part properties For example, if you want some steel parts to share the same name but do not want to change any of their other individual properties, ensure that only the Name check box is selected.
TIP Click to switch all check boxes on or off. Select the parts you want to modify. See also Part properties on page 5. On the Position tab, modify the desired position settings. For example, you can define the part to be positioned units above its handles.
Modify part position using the 1. Click in the Mini Toolbar. Mini Toolbar 2. Modify the settings. The object moves in the model accordingly. Click a sector in the dial to select a position. TIP The rotation angle knob snaps to every 45 degrees. Hold down Shift to override this. See also Part position settings on page Tips for creating and positioning parts on page 5.
To modify the shape of a part: 1. Tekla Structures displays the handles that you can use to modify the part. The relevant dimensions are shown when you move the mouse pointer slowly over the part edges. Modify the shape by dragging any of the handles. For example: Modifying parts Modifying the shape of a part TIP When you drag a handle, hold down the Shift key to use the snap switches.
To change a dimension, drag the relevant dimension arrowhead to a new location, or: a. To display more modification options, right-click one of the handles.
The handle toolbar appears: Use it to add a new point at a polybeam end, show and hide diagonal dimensions and midpoint handles, and set a handle to move in one or two directions. To delete a handle, select it and press the Delete key. See also Modifying parts on page Modifying the shape of a polygon You can modify the shape of the following polygonal parts: steel and concrete polybeams, contour plates, concrete slabs, concrete panels, and strip footings. To modify the shape of a polygonal part: 1.
Select the part you want to modify. Modifying parts Modifying the shape of a part 3. Pick an existing corner 1. Pick new corners for the polygon 2, 3. Pick another existing corner 4. Pick the corner to remove 5. TIP Alternatively, move the handles using drag-and-drop or the Move command.
See also Part handles on page 70 5. Tekla Structures highlights the handles of the part. Click one of the handles to select it. Move the handle like any other object in Tekla Structures. For example, right-click and select Move. Modifying parts Modifying the length of a part See also Part handles on page 70 5. To change the profile of a part: 1. Click Select The Select Profile dialog box appears.
By default, only the profile types that are relevant to the material of the part are shown. If needed, define what profile information you want to see. Select a profile from the list. If the profile is parametric, define its dimensions on the General tab. Click the Value box and replace the existing value with a new one.
Click OK to close the Select Profile dialog box. TIP Alternatively, if you know the name of the profile, you can enter it directly in the appropriate box in the part properties dialog box. See also Using standardized values for profile dimensions on page Associating profile types with a certain material Modifying parts Changing the profile of a part Using standardized values for profile dimensions You can use standardized values for the dimensions of parametric profiles.
To use standardized values for profile dimensions: 1. Click the Select Select a parametric profile. If standardized values have been defined for this profile, the Use industry standardized values only check box appears on the General tab under the profile properties: 4. Select the Use industry standardized values only check box. Select the profile dimensions from a list in the Value column. See also Modifying parts Changing the material of a part 5.
To change the material of a part: 1. The Select Material dialog box appears. If needed, define what material information you want to see. Select a material from the list. Click OK to close the Select Material dialog box.
TIP Alternatively, if you know the name of the material, you can enter it directly in the Material box in the part properties dialog box. See also 5. Before you start, ensure that you have the required shape imported to the shape catalog. To change the shape of an item: 1. Double-click an item to open the item properties dialog box. Click Select next to the Shape box to open the Shape Catalog dialog box.
If needed, use the Filter box to search for a shape. Select a shape from the list. Click OK to close the Shape Catalog dialog box. See also Importing a shape About items on page 74 Modifying parts Changing the shape of an item 5. You can use splitting with straight parts, polybeams and curved beams without offsets, and normal and tapered reinforcing bar groups. You can also split plates and slabs by using a polygon. Click the links below to find out more: Splitting a straight or curved part or polybeam on page Splitting a plate or slab on page Splitting a straight or curved part or polybeam To split a straight or curved part or polybeam: 1.
Select the part you want to split. Pick a point for the dividing line. Ensure that the Z axis is perpendicular to the plate or slab you want to split. Pick positions to outline the polygon to be used for splitting. Click the middle mouse button to close the polygon and to split the part. NOTE If you split contour plates that have bolts, welds or surface treatments, check the result after splitting.
See also Splitting parts on page 5. This can be useful when you want to model complex parts such as folded plates that are otherwise difficult to model, or when you want to model prefabricated parts that are delivered to the workshop already attached to profiles.
To combine two parts into one: 1. Select the first part. The properties of the first selected part will be used for the combined part. Select the second part. The parts are combined into one.
If the center lines of the parts are not in line with each other, Tekla Structures combines them by taking the largest distance between the start and end points from both parts. Tekla Structures does not recreate connections in the part that was selected first. Modifying parts Combining parts See also Attaching parts on page 5. You can use the Attach to Part command to have more than corner points in a polygon plate. Each plate has a maximum number of corner points. When you modify the properties of attached parts, note that some of the part properties are taken from the main part.
These properties are not shown in the properties of the attached part. You can inquire the properties of the whole part and the properties of each attached part separately.
You cannot add connections to an attached part. The geometry of the parts is not always kept suitable for adding a component. For example, the reference points of the attached part may be lost and therefore the orientation information needed for adding the reinforcement is not known anymore.
To ensure that the reinforcements work correctly, add them manually or use the Reinforcing Bar Shape Catalog to place them.
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